Professional penetration (pen) testers/ethical hackers require computers that allow for more customization and flexibility than average MS Windows or Mac systems. The open-source Kali Linux operating system (OS) allows pen testers use the same exploits as malevolent, would-be hackers – tasks that would be needlessly difficult or impossible with a standard OS.
Glances: Top/htop Alternative For GNU/Linux, BSD, Mac OS & Windows OS. Ranjith - November 25, 2019. KaliTorify: Transparent Proxy Through Tor For Kali Linux OS. Ranjith-June 16, 2019. Kalitorify is a shell script for Kali Linux which use iptables settings to create a Transparent Proxy through the Tor Network. FOR ALL THOSE STRUGGLING WITH KALI LINUX ON MAC! In this tutorial I will take you through the whole process of partitioning and setting up your Kali Linux Li.
The strength of Kali Linux lies in the fact that users can access every element of a computer’s settings, run specialty programs and routines, manipulate internet connections and Wi-Fi data, and spoof (copy and imitate) other computers’ credentials.
Kali Linux is not designed for everyday computing needs, such as word processing, internet surfing, or even game playing. But students seeking an online cyber security master’s degree will find Kali invaluable in their career, especially if they are pursuing an ethical hacker’s concentration and license.
What Is Kali Linux?
To understand Kali Linux, one must first understand what Linux is. Linux, a Unix-based operating system developed by Linus Torvalds in 1991, is an open-source, fully customizable kernel (the most basic, core part of an OS) that allows users to essentially build their own OS legally to meet specific needs.
Since 1991, several popular Linux distributions (distros) have coalesced into well-reputed tech companies including Red Hat, Fedora, Slackware, and Debian. Kali, run by Offensive Security, a cyber security development and certification company, is a Debian-based distro formulated to conduct pen tests and security audits.
Like most Linux distros, Kali is capable of being permanently installed on a computer or run “live” (booted into) from a USB thumb-drive or CD. This means that Kali can run just fine on Windows or Mac computers. The primary advantages of Kali Linux, according to Kali.org’s “Should I Use Kali Linux?”, are:
- Single user root access: Most operating systems require root or administrative privileges to be enabled before root tasks are completed. Because of the nature of security audits, however, Kali is designed to run in “root” mode by default. This factor saves the pen tester from having to enable root privileges for each action.
- Network services disabled by default: Any and all network services are disabled from boot up, including Bluetooth, which allows certain Kali services and exploits to work.
- Custom Linux kernel: The basic Debian kernel that runs beneath Kali Linux is modified for upstream (uploading) functionality and patched for wireless injection (spoofing transmission packets in a way that makes them appear like regular internet activity to other computers).
- Minimal and trusted set of repositories: Linux users can access and download the programs and files they intend to use via “repositories” of open-source software and files. The Kali repositories are purposefully small and filled with only Kali-tested and approved files.
Cyber security curriculum often introduces students to the Kali OS, especially in classes that focus on penetration testing and security audits. The underlying reason has to do with the volume of exploits and the extensive functionality of the operating system.
What Can Kali Do?
Kali Linux boasts more than 300 security testing tools. Many of them, especially the most basic exploits, come from Kali’s predecessor, Backtrack. But Kali includes newer tools that are designed to test recent improvements in cyber security.
The Cybrary.it article, “What is Kali Linux and Why Do Hackers Use Kali Linux OS?”, by user Rohitkharat, explains that Kali sports constantly upgraded auditing programs that allow ethical hackers to:
- Recon: Gather intelligence on a target.
- Scan: Map out and investigate a network.
- Exploit: Attack security holes found during the scanning phase.
- Elevate privileges: Gain root or administrator access on target computers/networks.
- Maintain access: Install back doors that allow return access at a later time.
- Cover tracks: Erase logs and hide evidence of an intrusion.
Non-ethical hackers use these same tools to accomplish nefarious goals. The difference, of course, is that ethical hackers operate within parameters and guidelines established by an employer or the company they are auditing.
Tech writer Nick Congleton, in his MakeTechEasier.com article, “What is Kali Linux and Do You Need It?,” writes about some of the more popular tools available in Kali. Used at any of the stages outlined by RohitKharat, these tools include:
- NMap/Wireshark: Used to analyze network traffic and network troubleshooting.
- Aircrack-ng: Detects transmission packets en route. Also known as a “packet sniffer.”
- Password crackers: Programs like Hydra and Crunch are used to “crack” or figure out login passwords on other computers and websites.
- Metasploit: Extremely powerful tool loaded with nearly 2,000 programs and scripts that can be used to “exploit” security flaws in everything from Android smartphones to Windows, Linux, and Unix-based (Mac) computers.
Kali Linux comes loaded with tools that, generally speaking, should be enough to complete a successful and competent security audit on just about any personal or business network of computers.
Hackers, however, often install their own exploits and software on Kali that may be difficult for Kali’s stock programs to recognize. A good pen tester can install these same hacker exploits and learn how to detect them from the ethical side of the business. Ethical hacking is a field that requires constant education over the course of a career.
University of North Dakota’s Master of Science in Cyber Security Program
Choosing the right online cyber security master’s program is a decision that should not be taken lightly. The best programs will offer courses that are kept current with the today’s cyber security issues and concerns and will offer concentrations that will be attractive to employers following graduation.
UND’s Higher Learning Commission accredited online cyber security master’s degree program is ranked in U.S. News & World Report’s Top 25 Most Innovative Schools (2018), alongside such prestigious institutions as Stanford, Harvard, and MIT.
UND prepares students for careers in cyber security, with concentrations available in Autonomous Systems Cyber Security, Cyber Security and Behavior, Data Security, and General Cyber Security.
Free fonts for sports jerseys for women. For more information on UND’s MSCS online program, visit the program’s website.
Should I Use Kali Linux – Kali.org
What is Kali Linux and Why Do Hackers Use Kali Linux OS? – Cybrary.it
What is Kali Linux and Do You Need It? – MakeTechEasier.com
Kali Linux is one of the most powerful and advanced OS (Operating System) for penetration testers and hackers for it’s pre-installed all the top penetration testing tools. It’s one of the best operating system for hackers.
Many people asked about which operating system is best for penetration testing and hacking activities like hacking wireless network passwords, reverse engineering tools, network sniffers, application hacking tools and other encrypting and spoofing hacking tools. So, I just writing this article to show you why most of the pentesters rely on the Kali Linux. How it’s one of the best operating system for hackers.
Kali Linux: Best Operating System for Hackers
Every hacker/researcher have their own choices but as a penetration tester, I have my own choice. Kali Linux is one of the best for me. Kali Linux and Windows 10 are the best because they are easier to use but because of their vast functionality, features and flexibility. But there’s some others you can give a try like Matriux Operating System, BackTrack, and knoppix. Matriux OS is just awesome.
Kali Linux is based on Debian Linux version, designed and developed by Offensive Security, specially powered with most of the powerful hacking tools for the penetration testing and hacking related activities. Kali Linux is designed to keep the beginners in mind, so it comes bundled with all the most common and powerful hacking tools.
When Kali Linux Was Released?
On 13th March, 2013, Kali Linux was released for the first time and within just few months, it became the most popular operating system for hackers and penetration testers. Kali Linux was born by it’s predecessor BackTrack, to make it specifically for the penetration testing and forensic activities.
Kali Linux Peneration Testing Tools
Kali Linux bundled with all the tools for different security forensics and penetration testing, which involves network and exploiting, network discovery, networks reconnaissance, web servers scanning, reverse engineering, scanning applications for vulnerabilities and IP address scanning as will. It comes up with all the best security tools for penetration testing, forensics and hacking tools like some of these below.
Kali Linux For Mac Os 10.12
- Metasploit Framework (Complete framework for Information gathering, analyzing web servers and applications security vulnerabilities and helps in penetration testing and IDS signature development.)
- Nmap (Network Exploration Tool, Security Scanner & Port Scanner )
- Aircrack-ng (All in One Wireless password cracking tool)
- OWASP ZAP (An open source in depth web application security scanner)
- Sqlmap (Sqlmap is a penetration testing tool used by the most of hackers to penetrate into websites using SQL loopholes. It detects and exploits SQL injection flaws automatically)
- Wireshark (An open source packet sniffer and analyzer)
- Reaver (WPS Wireless Brute Force cracking tool)
- John the Ripper (A full pack of Password cracking)
- Hydra (Brute Force Password cracking tool)
- SET (The Social Engineer Toolkit)
- Hashcat (It’s the world’s fastest most powerful and advanced password recovery tool)
- Armitage (Metasploit Framework’s GUI front end designed with JAVA)
- Burp Suite (Web Application Security GUI scanner)
- Ettercap (MitM (Man in the Middle) attacks Suite)
- Cisco Global Exploiter (Cisco Networking equipment for fast testing and Exploiting Vulnerabilities)
- BeEf Framework (Also known as Browser Exploitation Framework, for web browser vulnerabilities)
- SSLStrip (SSL Strip Tool for attacking the SSL enabled applications)
- Kismet (Wireless Networks detector, sniffer, and intrusion detection system)
- Foremost (Foremost is used recover deleted or lost files based on their headers, internal data structures and footers)
- Maltego (An open source forensics and intelligence tool)
- And hundreds of more…
Related: Best Hacking Tools of 2020
Kali Linux 64-Bit (Live)
How to Install Kali Linux? – Kali Linux Installation
Check out all the ways how to install and run Kali Linux.
Kali Linux Installation using Live USB
There’s several ways to install and run Kali Linux on your system. It can be booted from DVD or you can use USB drive for Kali Linux Live which has many benefits. You can carry Kali Linux anywhere you want and can run anytime connecting with any device. This makes Kali Linux portable and easy to use. It can also be installed to the hard drive in different ways as a single or dual boot.
Kali Linux Installation using VirtualBox
Kali Linux can be installed as a secondary operating system within your current running Windows or Mac operating system. There’s different tools that let you run a secondary OS within the host mahcine like: VirtualBox and VMware. It’s one of the best and easiest way to use Kali Linux without removing your current operating system.
You can check out this detailed tutorial on Kali Linux VirtualBox Installation.
Kali Linux Tools For Mac Os
Most of the Linux based OS runs as root user, and Kali Linux is one of those. Whenever you start Kali Linux, just use ‘root‘ as default root username and ‘toor‘ for the default password for root user.
Kali Linux Requirements
It doesn’t demand any special requirements. It requires the following specs to run:
- 3.8 GB Minimum of Hard Drive Space
- 512 MB of RAM Memory
- Kali Linux Bootable DVD or USB
Download Kali Linux:https://kali.org/downloads
That’s all about the best operating system for hackers. If you want to start your penetration testing career, you can just put hands on Kali Linux to be a pro.