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So, you’ve decided to download an older version of Mac OS X. There are many reasons that could point you to this radical decision. To begin with, some of your apps may not be working properly (or simply crash) on newer operating systems. Also, you may have noticed your Mac’s performance went down right after the last update. Finally, if you want to run a parallel copy of Mac OS X on a virtual machine, you too will need a working installation file of an older Mac OS X. Further down we’ll explain where to get one and what problems you may face down the road.
A list of all Mac OS X versions
We’ll be repeatedly referring to these Apple OS versions below, so it’s good to know the basic macOS timeline.
|Cheetah 10.0||Puma 10.1||Jaguar 10.2|
|Panther 10.3||Tiger 10.4||Leopard 10.5|
|Snow Leopard 10.6||Lion 10.7||Mountain Lion 10.8|
|Mavericks 10.9||Yosemite 10.10||El Capitan 10.11|
|Sierra 10.12||High Sierra 10.13||Mojave 10.14|
STEP 1. Prepare your Mac for installation
Given your Mac isn’t new and is filled with data, you will probably need enough free space on your Mac. This includes not just space for the OS itself but also space for other applications and your user data. One more argument is that the free space on your disk translates into virtual memory so your apps have “fuel” to operate on. The chart below tells you how much free space is needed.
Note, that it is recommended that you install OS on a clean drive. Next, you will need enough disk space available, for example, to create Recovery Partition. Here are some ideas to free up space on your drive:
- Uninstall large unused apps
- Empty Trash Bin and Downloads
- Locate the biggest files on your computer:
Go to Finder > All My Files > Arrange by size
Then you can move your space hoggers onto an external drive or a cloud storage.
If you aren’t comfortable with cleaning the Mac manually, there are some nice automatic “room cleaners”. Our favorite is CleanMyMac as it’s most simple to use of all. It deletes system junk, old broken apps, and the rest of hidden junk on your drive.
Download CleanMyMac for OS 10.4 - 10.8 (free version)
Download CleanMyMac for OS 10.9 (free version)
Download CleanMyMac for OS 10.10 - 10.14 (free version)
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STEP 2. Get a copy of Mac OS X download
Normally, it is assumed that updating OS is a one-way road. That’s why going back to a past Apple OS version is problematic. The main challenge is to download the OS installation file itself, because your Mac may already be running a newer version. If you succeed in downloading the OS installation, your next step is to create a bootable USB or DVD and then reinstall the OS on your computer.
How to download older Mac OS X versions via the App Store
If you once had purchased an old version of Mac OS X from the App Store, open it and go to the Purchased tab. There you’ll find all the installers you can download. However, it doesn’t always work that way. The purchased section lists only those operating systems that you had downloaded in the past. But here is the path to check it:
- Click the App Store icon.
- Click Purchases in the top menu.
- Scroll down to find the preferred OS X version.
- Click Download.
This method allows you to download Mavericks and Yosemite by logging with your Apple ID — only if you previously downloaded them from the Mac App Store.
Without App Store: Download Mac OS version as Apple Developer
If you are signed with an Apple Developer account, you can get access to products that are no longer listed on the App Store. If you desperately need a lower OS X version build, consider creating a new Developer account among other options. The membership cost is $99/year and provides a bunch of perks unavailable to ordinary users.
Nevertheless, keep in mind that if you visit developer.apple.com/downloads, you can only find 10.3-10.6 OS X operating systems there. Newer versions are not available because starting Mac OS X Snow Leopard 10.7, the App Store has become the only source of updating Apple OS versions.
Purchase an older version of Mac operating system
You can purchase a boxed or email version of past Mac OS X directly from Apple. Both will cost you around $20. For the reason of being rather antiquated, Snow Leopard and earlier Apple versions can only be installed from DVD.
Buy a boxed edition of Snow Leopard 10.6
Get an email copy of Lion 10.7
Get an email copy of Mountain Lion 10.8
The email edition comes with a special download code you can use for the Mac App Store. Note, that to install the Lion or Mountain Lion, your Mac needs to be running Snow Leopard so you can install the newer OS on top of it.
How to get macOS El Capitan download
If you are wondering if you can run El Capitan on an older Mac, rejoice as it’s possible too. But before your Mac can run El Capitan it has to be updated to OS X 10.6.8. So, here are main steps you should take:
1. Install Snow Leopard from install DVD.
2. Update to 10.6.8 using Software Update.
3. Download El Capitan here.
“I can’t download an old version of Mac OS X”
If you have a newer Mac, there is no physical option to install Mac OS versions older than your current Mac model. For instance, if your MacBook was released in 2014, don’t expect it to run any OS released prior of that time, because older Apple OS versions simply do not include hardware drivers for your Mac.
But as it often happens, workarounds are possible. There is still a chance to download the installation file if you have an access to a Mac (or virtual machine) running that operating system. For example, to get an installer for Lion, you may ask a friend who has Lion-operated Mac or, once again, set up a virtual machine running Lion. Then you will need to prepare an external drive to download the installation file using OS X Utilities.
After you’ve completed the download, the installer should launch automatically, but you can click Cancel and copy the file you need. Below is the detailed instruction how to do it.
STEP 3. Install older OS X onto an external drive
The following method allows you to download Mac OS X Lion, Mountain Lion, and Mavericks.
- Start your Mac holding down Command + R.
- Prepare a clean external drive (at least 10 GB of storage).
- Within OS X Utilities, choose Reinstall OS X.
- Select external drive as a source.
- Enter your Apple ID.
Now the OS should start downloading automatically onto the external drive. After the download is complete, your Mac will prompt you to do a restart, but at this point, you should completely shut it down. Now that the installation file is “captured” onto your external drive, you can reinstall the OS, this time running the file on your Mac.
- Boot your Mac from your standard drive.
- Connect the external drive.
- Go to external drive > OS X Install Data.
Locate InstallESD.dmg disk image file — this is the file you need to reinstall Lion OS X. The same steps are valid for Mountain Lion and Mavericks.
How to downgrade a Mac running later macOS versions
If your Mac runs macOS Sierra 10.12 or macOS High Sierra 10.13, it is possible to revert it to the previous system if you are not satisfied with the experience. You can do it either with Time Machine or by creating a bootable USB or external drive.
Instruction to downgrade from macOS Sierra
Instruction to downgrade from macOS High Sierra
Instruction to downgrade from macOS Mojave
Instruction to downgrade from macOS Catalina
Before you do it, the best advice is to back your Mac up so your most important files stay intact. In addition to that, it makes sense to clean up your Mac from old system junk files and application leftovers. The easiest way to do it is to run CleanMyMac X on your machine (download it for free here).
Visit your local Apple Store to download older OS X version
If none of the options to get older OS X worked, pay a visit to nearest local Apple Store. They should have image installations going back to OS Leopard and earlier. You can also ask their assistance to create a bootable USB drive with the installation file. So here you are. We hope this article has helped you to download an old version of Mac OS X. Below are a few more links you may find interesting.
These might also interest you:
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Mac OS X Mountain Lion Overview
OS X is an operating system designed and marketed by Apple Inc. for its Mac series of computers. The OS X Mountain Lion is the ninth version of the operating system, replacing its predecessor; the Mac OS X Lion. The change in the name signifies an update, which is now a regular feature of Apple’s software policy. Apple releases annual updates to its operating systems, deviating from its past tradition of releasing new updates every two years. This trend began when the Mac OS X Mountain Lion became available for download. Mac OS X Mountain Lion was released on July 25, 2012, and was available on the Mac App Store so far.
What Is New Over Previous OS X Versions?
The new operating system was a huge improvement over its predecessor and eliminated certain bugs which plagued the earlier versions of OS X. Touted by Apple Inc. as the best operating system of its times, the Mac OS X Mountain Lion was praised by critics for its improved features and ease of access.
The UI of Mac OS X Mountain Lion was very friendly and upgraded features included new versions of its web browser, game center, and iCloud services. Certain applications were replaced to make them more secure yet user-friendly while maintaining the quality that Apple Inc. is known for so far.
How To Download Mountain Lion Without App Store
The Mac OS X Mountain Lion was a closed source software with multiple open source components. The requirements for running the software include 2GB RAM and 8GB available storage. The software ran on all of Apple’s computers until it was replaced by the OS X 10.9 Mavericks. To download mountain lion without app store simply get the torrent here.
The Mac OS X Mountain Lion download was fairly simple and did not clog servers or cause system breakdowns. Coincidentally, the Mac OS X Mountain Lion download was the last paid upgrade to an OS X release. Future updates starting from the OS X Mavericks were all free. Apple also offered another marginal update on the Mac OS X Mountain Lion download called the Mountain Lion version 10.8.1. This update was released on August 23, 2012.
What Are The New Features Of Mountain Lion?
The announcement of the Mac OS X Mountain Lion was heavily anticipated by Apple users and it certainly did not disappoint. Existing features were either improved or completely replaced. Some of those features are all listed here that include the following:
Notes were added as a separate application and have since become a staple part of iOS. The application was earlier a part of the Mail app. This new application allows users to pin notes on the desktop and can be synced to the user’s other Apple devices through the iCloud service.
Mac Os App Store
Messages replaced iChat as Apple’s default instant messaging service. The Messages application shares all of its predecessor’s qualities while also containing video capabilities for interfacing with other instant messaging applications.
The Game Centre was heavily criticized for its lack of games and unreliability. Many critics pointed out that the app would be redundant unless more games were included in the library. The 10.8.1 version of the Mac OS X Mountain lion tried to improve this by adding more games to the library. It allows players to invite other Apple users to the multiplayer interface.
Mac OS X Mountain Lion Updates
Apple Inc. tried to resolve the issues with Mac OS X Mountain Lion with the 10.8.1 version. Tests revealed that this version was helpful in improving battery life while some customers complained about the reduction in battery life leading to a “Service Battery” indicator.
Mac Os X Apps Download Windows 10
All the other applications on the system were updated and strong anti-malware measures were taken to ensure privacy and safety. A new anti-malware system called Gatekeeper was incorporated and the Safari browser was also updated to version 6.0. AirPlay Mirroring, a system that allows wireless mirroring of Mac’s screen to an Apple TV was also added so far.
The general response to Mac OS X Mountain Lion was quite positive which is quite evident by the sales chart.
Mac Os X Allow Apps Downloaded From Anywhere
The success of the Mac OS X Mountain Lion was pivotal in elevating Mac operating systems to their current level of popularity. It remains, to date, the most successful OS X release for apple with 3 million units sold in the first four days and 28 million units sold within the first year.