Jun 12, 2018 However, the crack lets sand get into the water so you may notice sediment in your water when it comes out of the faucet. The sand may cause clogs in the system that lead to low water flow. How A Cracked Casing Is Repaired. If you do need to repair the well, the well specialist determines if there is a crack inside the casing and how deep it goes by passing a camera into the pipe. This shows the.
Something Looks, Smells, or Tastes Strange. Even more obvious than odd noises in your plumbing system is the occurrence of strange odors, tastes, or murkiness in your well water. Any time there is a noticeable change in your well water’s taste, smell, or appearance, it is best to have it. Most bacterial contamination can be rectified through well and supply line chlorination. If contamination occurs regularly a water treatment specialist may be needed to look for defects in your well casing. Defects include insufficient well casing depth, improper sealing, and cracked well casings.
Aquatek’s bacteria test detects the presence of Coliform. Coliform bacteria are commonly found in soil, on vegetation, and in surface water. They also live in the intestine of warm-blooded animals. These bacteria are used as indicators in water tests because their presence indicates that disease-causing organisms could also be in the water. One particular type of coliform organism, called E. coli, is an indicator of fecal contamination. Feces and sewage wastes are usually the source of E. coli bacteria.
Well water contamination is usually caused when surface water picks up bacteria from the ground and runs off into your well through a defect in your well casing. Coliform bacteria is commonly detected after heavy rains and hurricanes due to this excessive run off of rain water. Improperly sealed wells can also allow sewage, insects and rodents to contaminate your well water.
Most coliform do not cause illness, however they indicate the potential for disease causing strains of bacteria, viruses, and protozoa to be present. Waterborne disease from these organisms typically involves flu-like symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, fever, and diarrhea.
WHEN TO TEST
The EPA recommends that all private wells be tested annually for total coliforms as part of the basic test for drinking water. Bacteria testing should also be done for the following: Free online software downloads.
After wells are installed, repaired or reconditioned.
A sudden change occurs in your water’s taste, appearance, or odor.
The water turns cloudy after rainfall or the top of the well was flooded.
You suspect contamination from a septic system or farm that is within 50 ft of your well.
Family members are experiencing unexplained flu-like symptoms.
HOW TO TREAT WELLS CONTAMINATED WITH BACTERIA
Most bacterial contamination can be rectified through well and supply line chlorination. If contamination occurs regularly a water treatment specialist may be needed to look for defects in your well casing. Defects include insufficient well casing depth, improper sealing, and cracked well casings.
When you get your water from a private well instead of from a public source, the water your family uses for drinking, cooking, cleaning, and bathing is your responsibility.
If you can identify the warning signs of potential problems, you can avoid the hassle of having no running water in your home, or worse yet, compromising your health and safety because of poor water quality.
We’ve identified some of the most common signs that a residential well is having issues or that there could be a contamination concern.
1. Your Faucets are Sputtering
You turn on the kitchen sink, but before you see any water, there’s a blast of air and then short bursts of water spit out before it flows normally.
This probably means there is air in your plumbing system, and if it’s happening on a regular basis, it could mean your well pump needs servicing. The fix may be as simple as replacing a failing valve, or it could be a sign the drop pipe connected to the pump is damaged.
There’s also the possibility your well pump may need to be lowered because the water table has dropped and the pump is drawing in air.
2. Your Electricity Bill is High
If you have a private well and your jaw drops when you open your utility bill, it could also be thanks to the pump.
One of the first signs many homeowners get that their well pump is failing or needs to be lowered is a gradually increasing electric bill. This is because the pump is running continuously or cycling on and off all the time as it tries to maintain water pressure.
3. You Hear Strange Sounds
Are your pipes groaning and moaning? Is your well pump making loud humming, grinding, or growling noises?
These are signs that there are potential problems with your pump, and you should contact a professional to check things out as soon as possible to avoid damage.
4. Something Looks, Smells, or Tastes Strange
Even more obvious than odd noises in your plumbing system is the occurrence of strange odors, tastes, or murkiness in your well water.
Any time there is a noticeable change in your well water’s taste, smell, or appearance, it is best to have it checked by a professional.
Undesirable changes in your home’s water could indicate the presence of many different things. They may not necessarily pose an immediate risk to your health, but they do affect the aesthetics of your water.
For instance, a metallic taste could be a sign your water is high in iron and manganese. If your water smells like sulfur or rotten eggs, it may be the result of hydrogen sulfide coming from decaying organic matter in the groundwater.
Murky water is yet another sign of potential pump problems. It could mean water levels have dropped too low or that dirt is in the pump.
Causes of Discoloration in Water:
- Reddish/brown: Iron or manganese. May cause staining.
- Blue/green: Copper. Corrosive water may be leaching from pipes.
- Yellow: Suspended organic particles. Common in shallow wells.
- White/cloudy: High turbidity. Large amount of fine inorganic and organic particles.
A home filtration solution, like a Water-Right’s Sanitizer Plus Series® featuring our exclusive Crystal Right™ media, is ideal for eliminating unwanted tastes and odors. The same water treatment technology is available through our Evolve and WaterCare brands.
You can also install a reverse osmosis system for further filtration, providing your family with delicious drinking water!
5. Poorly Installed or Damaged Well Caps
It’s important to have a properly installed well cap or cover because if not, contaminants can enter your home’s water supply. If the cover on top of your well casing is damaged, insects and animals could crawl inside, decompose, and elevate bacteria levels, causing diarrhea and other digestive issues if consumed.
The well cap should be at least six inches off the ground, and homeowners should avoid growing plants or building boxes around the well casing.
A properly sealed well cap is the first line of defense against non-point source pollution such as runoff of pesticides, herbicides, and elements from nearby roads. Keep an eye on the cover of your well to make sure it’s in good shape.
6. Signs of Agricultural Contamination
Since many homes with well water are located in rural areas, agricultural runoff can be a common culprit of contamination. It may be from livestock waste (manure) or from fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides that are spread on nearby farm fields.
As the rain washes over agricultural land, it can pick up chemicals from these contaminants, which eventually enter the groundwater that is feeding your well.
Of particular concern are nitrates, which occur naturally in soil, and usually aren’t a concern at normal levels, which are under 10 parts per million for healthy adults.
However, concentrations can be excessive when they enter the groundwater supply from fertilizer and animal waste. Nitrates pose a specific health risk to pregnant women and young children. Babies should not consume water containing nitrates until they are older than 6 months.
Nitrates have no color, taste, or odor in water, so if there are contamination concerns, it’s best to have your home’s water tested for nitrates to make sure it is safe for your family.
It’s important to choose the right location for a domestic well to avoid potential contamination from agricultural sources. For example, you wouldn’t want your well downhill from a nearby livestock facility. The same goes for wells near septic systems and landfills. Wells should be located on higher ground whenever possible.
7. Signs of Salt Contamination
Symptoms Of A Cracked Well Casing In Spanish
In areas of the country where winter weather is a factor, road salts can become another potential well water contaminant. It washes off roadways and infiltrates the groundwater.
The salt or sodium chloride (NaCl) is not a health concern to most people, unless you are on a sodium-restricted diet. However, it can impact the quality of your water, effecting the taste and leaving a white residue behind.
In one case, some residents in Connecticut had to switch to bottled water after the sodium and chloride levels in their well water made it unusable. An investigation suggested it could have come from runoff at a nearby prison’s parking lot.
If you live along a major roadway that gets salt spread on it regularly or downhill from a parking lot, you may want to keep an eye on your water quality after the snow melts.
Other Common Well Water Contaminants
Certain contaminants in groundwater are natural elements that get picked up as water dissolves rock and soil in your region.
For example, elements like uranium, radon, and arsenic occur naturally, but may be found at elevated levels in certain parts of the country depending on the geological makeup of the land.
Levels of coliform bacteria are another sign of possible health risks in your water. While many coliform bacteria are harmless, elevated total levels may indicate the likelihood of pathogens, such as viruses that can make people sick.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) estimates that about 20 percent of homes with private wells contain at least one contaminant at a level of concern.
Most private wells produce hard water. That’s because they are accessing groundwater, which has moved through rock and soil dissolving minerals like calcium and magnesium along the way.
Nearly every home with a private well deals with hardness, which could cause plenty of problems, from unsightly iron stains and soap scum to dry skin and spotty dishes. Hard can also cause appliances like your water heater to wear out quickly. Homes with private wells should have a water softener to help avoid these issues. Find out more about how a water softener works here on our blog.
Well Casing Repair
What Can You Do?
Types Of Well Casings
The National Groundwater Association (NGWA) provides online resources for homeowners with private wells at WellOwner.org. There, you can learn more about well maintenance, water quality, and water treatment options. The NGWA even offers a hotline (855-420-9355) to help homeowners with questions and a mobile app that provides information and reminders.
Symptoms Of A Cracked Well Casing Size
Most importantly, residential wells should be tested by a licensed professional on a yearly basis to make sure it is safe for your family to use. Samples of your water should be sent to a certified laboratory.
Well Casing Repair Cost
Well water isn’t perfect. So, if you want to improve the water quality in your home, Water-Right® and our family of brands can help. Whether you want to disinfect your water with UV light, get better drinking water through reverse osmosis, reduce levels of iron with a filtration system, or eliminate the problems hard water can cause using a water softener, our family of professionals will find a solution.
Repair Cracked Well Casing
Our Sanitizer Plus Series® models are a good choice for homes with well water because it can address hardness, iron and manganese, correct pH levels and address other common groundwater issues.